The Enigma of the Antipodes: A Medieval Fantasy


This is a new version of a chapter. Most of the corrections referred to the style and the endnotes, which are more appealing to the reader than the Internet user. In this extract I collected the flowers of ancient wisdom along with the medieval interpretations about the role of the Antipodes, the fourth continent of the intellectual imagination. At the beginning of the Age of Discovery this sentiment turned into the reality.

תוצאת תמונה עבור ‪el burgo de osma beatus‬‏

How Wide Spreads the Ocean


I published another article on my most successful site

This is the last chapter from Unit 1 of my manuscript titled “The Enchanting Encounter with the East”. You can see all these parts at my page

(the upper four headlines). My previous article gained such popularuty that was awarded with the title “Publication of the day”.

The chapter tells about various estimations of the width of the Ocean Sea and discusses the prospects of crossing the water body which, according to the popular worldview, separated the western and eastern extrenmes of the Old World. I give comments on a few real and fictitious travel reports of the ancient era and match them to a range of opinions concerning the transversing of the Atlantic.

I will soon start uploading chapters from Unit II, The Bounded Land and the Boundless Ocean. This part of my manuscript deals with basic ideas of medieval geography: the concept of the three continents, Jerusalem as the heart of the world, attitude to race, Antipodes-the legend of the fourth continent, and the Little Age of Discovery: amazing maritime adventures throughout the 14th century which led to the discovery of archipelagoes in the Central Atlantic and paved the way to the exploration of Africa.

“The enigma of the Antipodes”


This is a chapter from Unit II of my new manuscript. This article has been published at and has been honored with 600 visits so far. It proves that some educated people in the Middle Ages believed that the inhabited world contains more than three canonical continents-an interesting prelude to the Age of Discoveries.